Developmental Skills

Developmental Skills

Between 1 and 3 Months

Between 4 and 7 Months

Between 8 and 12 Months

Between 12 and 18 Months

Between 3 and 4 Years

Between 4 and 5 Years

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Between 1 and 3 Months

Movement

  • When on stomach, raises head and chest
  • Opens and shuts hands
  • Brings hands to mouth
  • Swipes at toys

Visual

  • Watches faces
  • Follows objects or people
  • Interested in environment when awake

Communication

  • Smiles when hears a familiar voice
  • Vocalizes cooing sounds
  • Turns head toward sounds

Social Play

  • Cuddles
  • Enjoys being sung to
  • Gazes into face
  • Enjoys mobiles

Self Care

  • Needs cuddling
  • Lets you know when uncomfortable
  • Learns to calm self
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Between 4 and 7 Months

Movement

  • Raises head and chest on stomach
  • Rolls and begins to sit
  • Reaches and grasps
  • Passes toys from hand to hand

 

Play

  • Looks for dropped toys
  • Explores toys in detail
  • Mouths, bangs and shakes toys
  • Communication
  • Responds to own name
  • Babbles and imitates sounds, laughs aloud
  • Responds to “no” half the time
  • Makes repetitive sounds like “baba”
  • School play
  • Enjoys peek-a-boo
  • Squeals with delight

 

Self Care

  • May hold bottle
  • Cries or makes sounds to request food
  • Gestures to get your attention
  • Imitates sounds and words
  • School play
  • Shy with strangers
  • Prefers primary care giver
  • Repeats sounds or actions for attention
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Between 8 and 12 Months

Movement

  • When on stomach, raises head and chest
  • Opens and shuts hands
  • Brings hands to mouth
  • Swipes at toys

Visual

  • Watches faces
  • Follows objects or people
  • Interested in environment when awake

Communication

  • Smiles when hears a familiar voice
  • Vocalizes cooing sounds
  • Turns head toward sounds

Social Play

  • Cuddles
  • Enjoys being sung to
  • Gazes into face
  • Enjoys mobiles

Self Care

  • Needs cuddling
  • Lets you know when uncomfortable
  • Learns to calm self
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Between 12 and 18 Months

Movement

  • Walks well alone
  • Enjoys pull toys
  • Begins to run
  • Climbs stairs by crawling or using banister

Play

  • Scribbles
  • Builds tower of blocks
  • Enjoys shape sorters
  • Begins make-believe play

 

Communication

  • Uses 8 or more single words
  • Points to parts of body
  • Understand many words and follows two-part directions
  • Imitates words

 

Social Play

  • Hands toys to others than takes them back
  • Loves having an audience
  • Laughs at some funny things

 

Self Care

  • Feeds self with spoon
  • Finger feeds
  • Cooperates in dressing
  • Starts to switch from bottle to cup
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Between 3 and 4 Years

Movement

  • Throws ball overhand
  • Rides tricycle
  • Hops on one foot
  • Jumps forward
  • Enjoys playground equipment

Thinking Skills

  • Draws a picture of a person
  • Uses scissors
  • Knows color names

Communication

  • Tells stories of recent experiences
  • Uses 6 word sentences
  • Understands concepts of big and little

Social Play

  • Considers some children special friends
  • Plays cooperatively with others
  • Takes turns

Self Care

  • Washes / dries hands and face
  • Uses spoons and fork
  • Likes a bedtime routine
  • Puts toys away
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Between 4 and 5 Years

Movement

  • Somersaults
  • Climbs on playground equipment
  • Catches ball
  • Rides bike with training wheels

Thinking Skills

  • Plays simple board games
  • Memorizes ABC’s
  • Begins counting skills
  • Draws people with 6 parts
  • Copies circle and square

Communication

  • Can tell what happened
  • Asks questions
  • Uses full sentences
  • Defines familiar words

 

Social Play

  • Considers some children special friends
  • Plays cooperatively with others
  • Takes turns

Self Care

  • Dresses and undresses (except tying shoes)
  • Begin to learn manners
  • Washes self in tub
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